Higgs Boson, the God Particle- to be, or not to be by 2012

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Physicists believe that before the end of 2012 they will be able to determine whether the hypothetical 'god particle' is indeed real.  The 'God particle', otherwise known as Higgs boson is a hypothetical elementary particle predicted to exist by the Standard Model of particle physics.

Though the God particle Higgs boson is predicted to exist, physicists are still investigating its veracity.   The God particle is supposed to be a particle with near-zero mass, some thing that a non-physicist cannot imagine.   Its discovery will explain how mass-less elementary particles cause matter to have mass.  The God particle has nothing to do with God.

'I'm pretty confident that towards the end of 2012 we will have an answer to the Shakespeare question for the Higgs boson - to be, or not to be?,' Rolf-Dieter Heuer, director general of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), told a press conference at Britain's Royal Society recently.

No experiment has directly detected the Higgs boson.  The Large Hadron Collider is expected to provide the experimental evidence of the existence or non-existence of the 'god particle'.

CERN has the world's largest particle collider, the Large Hadron Collider which is located in a 27-kilometer circular tunnel 100 meters below ground, at the French-Swiss border. It started regular operation last year.  One of the major goals of the collider is to find the elusive Higgs boson.

The collider tunnel contains two adjacent parallel beam pipes that intersect at four points, each containing a proton beam, travelling in opposite directions. It aims to collide the two beams of protons travelling in opposite directions at 99.999999 per cent of the speed of light (nothing can move faster than the light!). By increasing the power of these proton beams, scientists hope to create highly energetic collisions which will separate the Higgs boson, if it exists.

If the collider succeeds in producing the Higgs boson, some scientists predict that it will create a second particle, called the Higgs singlet, at the same time.  The test of the researchers' theory will be whether the physicists monitoring the collider begin seeing Higgs singlet particles and their decay products spontaneously appearing.

The  physicists invoke the 'God particle' to explain why particles like protons, neutrons and electrons have mass.

In the 1970s,Physicists Peter Higgs, Robert Brout and Francois Englert suggested that the particles released following the Big Bang had no mass. As time passed, the universe cooled and a Higgs field was formed along with Higgs Boson. The Higgs field prevails throughout the cosmos. The particles that interact with the Higgs field derive a mass through the 'giver', the Higgs boson, the God Particle. The more they interact, the heavier they become, whereas particles that never interact are left with no mass at all.

According to CERN, " If it turns out that we cannot find it, this will leave the field wide open for physicists to develop a completely new theory to explain the origin of particle mass."

The wait for the 'God pariticle' continues.

The following webpages provide more  information on Higgs boson and the God particle:

The God Particle: National Geographic
'The God Particle': The Higgs Boson
A revelation is coming to the world: God Particle.net
The God Particle, Higgs Boson: Godparticle.com
Higgs boson (God Particle): Wikipedia
Search for the Higgs boson in 2011 and beyond: Science News, SciGuru.com
Origins: CERN:The Higgs Boson Particle


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